Signs of Addiction

  • Eyes that are bloodshot or pupils that are smaller or larger than normal.
  • Frequent nosebleeds, excessive sniffing and runny nose- could be related to snorted drugs (meth or cocaine).
  • Change in appetite or sleep patterns.
  • Sudden weight loss or gain.
  • Seizures without a history of epilepsy.
  • Deterioration in personal grooming or physical appearance.
  • Injuries/Accidents and person won't or can't tell you how they got hurt.
  • Unusual smells on breath, body or clothing's.
  • Shakes, tremors, incoherent or slurred speech, impaired or unstable co-ordication.
  • Not been able to focus on work, study or relationships because of addiction.
  • Change in eating habits.
  • Denial
  • Sudden mood change, irritability, angry outburst or laughing at nothing.
  • Appearing fearful, withdrawal, anxious or paranoid with no apparent reason.

Alcohol Addiction

"A complex disorder of the brain"

Alcohol addiction is a progressive illness that affects millions of people. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that alcohol is responsible for more than 3 million deaths per year, or nearly 6 percent of all deaths worldwide.Alcohol addiction is one of the most dangerous disorders. Despite alcohol being accepted in many cultures, it is widely cited as contributing to high level of death, disease and injury.
Recovering from alcohol addiction is difficult, and is something that can take years, not just few weeks. With proper support and treatment, alcohol addiction can be overcome.
When we drink alcohol. it can change the way we feel. For many people, this effect of drinking is less harmful. But for some of us it can lead to dangerous consequences for our physical health and emotional wellbeing.
Alcohol is a psychoactive substance that has a depressant effect on the central nervous system. It can alter our brain chemistry and effect neurotransmitters that govern through, emotion and behaviours. Consumption of alcohol significantly impacts family, friends and co-workers. Consider the following to understand the devastating results of chronic alcoholism:

Alcoholism-related health(medical) problems:

  • Years of heavy drinking result in liver disease such as cirrhosis or alcohol hepatitis.
  • Chronic drinking causes a number of gastrointestinal problems including gastritis, pancreatitis and ulcers.
  • Heart problem are common cause of early death for chronic alcoholics. Strockes are also more common for heavy drinkers.
  • Alcoholics are more likely to experience severe pneumonia and other lungs problems.
  • Heavy drinking increases the risk of several types of cancers, including liver, esophagus, throat and mouth. In some case damage is caused by excessive of frequent vomiting.

Mental health issues related to chronic alcoholism:

  • Research has proven that alcoholism and depression often go hand-in-hand. Although people often use alcohol to treat depression and make themselves feel better, but the truth is opposite – that chronic drinking leads to depression, or makes a depression worse over time.
  • People who have been drinking large amount of alcohol for long periods of time run the risk of developing serious and persistent changes in the brain. Damage may be a result of the direct effects of alcohol on the brain or may result indirectly.
  • Binge drinking and suicide are linked, probably because alcoholism decreases inhabitations and fosters impulsive, risky behaviour.
  • Loss of memory, confusion and hallucinations.

Long term effects of alcoholism:

  • High blood pressure
  • Irregular pulse
  • Greater chance of lungs infections tuberculosis
  • Severe swelling and pain
  • Hepatitis
  • Liver cancer
  • Ulcers
  • Changes in red blood cells
  • Loss of muscle
  • Vomiting bloods
  • Pancreatitis
  • Impotence in men
  • Infertility in women

Drug Addiction

"Chronic brain disease"

Drug addiction is a chronic, often relapsing brain disease that causes compulsive drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences to the drug addict and those around them. Drug addiction is a brain disease because the abuse of drugs leads to change in the structure and function of the brain. Repeated drug use can lead to brain changes that challenge an addicted person’s self-control and interfere with their ability to resist intense urges to take drugs.
Drug addiction is a serious societal problem in Nepal. Most drug use begins in adolescence, often with experimental with prescription drugs, cigarettes or alcohol. While most of the 10th 11th and 12th- graders admit to taking an illicit substance during their school and college life. There are many reasons why people turn to using drugs such as, family problems, friends circle, to get relief from stress, experimenting, peer pressure and many more.
When you are addicted to drugs, you’re not able to control your drug use and you may/will continue using the drugs despites the harm it causes. Drug addiction can cause an intense craving for the drug. You may want to quit, but can’t do on your own. Drug addiction can cause serious, long-term consequences, including problems with physical and mental health, relationships, employment and the law. You will need an organized treatment program to overcome your drug addiction and stay drug free.

Physical signs of drug addiction:

  • Having intense urges for the drugs
  • Over-active or under-active
  • Dilated pupils, red eyes
  • Weight loss
  • Change in eating habits
  • Cloths do not fit the same
  • Excessive sniffing and runny nose
  • Looking pale or undernourished
  • Unusual odors or body odor due to lack of personal hygiene

Behavioural signs of drug addiction:

  • Missing school/work
  • School/work problems
  • Disturbed sleep patterns
  • Legal problems
  • Financial problem (E.g. always needing money)
  • Family/relationship problems
  • Missing important engagements/works
  • Isolating/secretive about activities
  • Loss of interest in hobbies and other activities
  • Careless about personal grooming

Long term effects of drug addiction:

  • Long lasting brain damage affecting through and memory
  • Kidney failure
  • Development of tolerance
  • Depression
  • Bone marrow damage
  • Tuberculosis
  • Anxiety
  • Bronchitis
  • HIV
  • Hepatitis
  • Cancer
  • Seizures
  • Coma
  • Death